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Le Regioni e gli Enti locali sono da tempo una componente naturale del panorama sociale europeo. Il nostro continente, infatti, molto più di quanto si possa dire per altre aree geografiche, presenta una forte connotazione territoriale, e questo in termini: sociali, culturali, etnici, economici ed anche politici. Questa ultima componente è stata, ed in parte lo è ancora, alla base di una forte conflittualità interna rinvenibile in molti Stati del vecchio continente. L'Unione europea si è inserita in questo delicato confronto svolgendo un ruolo duplice ed apparentemente contraddittorio. Da una parte, ha rafforzato le identità regionali e dall'altra, ne ha "irreggimentato" le dinamiche. Il risultato, raggiunto da ultimo con l'entrata in vigore del Trattato di Lisbona del 2009, è un'ulteriore emersione della componente territoriale nel percorso unionista, alla quale ha è corrisposto un conseguente consolidamento anche sul piano interno. Il volume "L'attuazione delle politiche dell'Unione europea a livello regionale e locale" indaga alcuni aspetti di questo interessate processo, che non sembra aver esaurito la sua spinta propulsiva. I contributi presentati dimostrano come gli enti territoriali, oltre a proporsi quali attori - se non protagonisti, sicuramente non più semplici comparse - della Governance multilivello europea, svolgono compiti che appaiono indispensabili ad assicurare un'effettiva realizzazione degli obiettivi che le istituzioni europee puntano a raggiungere. Come risulta, in particolare, guardando alla politica ambientale ed energetica unionista e alla complessa azione europea volta ad innalzare la qualità della regolamentazione, sia sul piano europeo che su quello interno. Anche nel campo delle politiche a favore dell'occupazione e dello sviluppo economico, l'Unione, pur rimanendo priva di strumenti che le consentano di imporre percorsi comuni, trova nelle Regioni e negli Enti locali dei soggetti particolarmente attenti e ricettivi agli stimoli che provengono dall'Europa. Ambiente ed energia; Better regulation e trasparenza; politiche per l'occupazione, lo sviluppo e l'innovazione corrispondono alle tematiche sulle quali si sono incentrati gli studi e le attività didattiche durante i tre anni della Cattedra Jean Monnet (2017-2020), della quale questa opera costituisce il risultato finale.
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Contemporary Consumption, Consumers and Marketing: Cases from Generations Y and Z explores current consumer, consumption and marketing cases and issues, posing questions that complement, extend and challenge established marketing theory while keeping in mind megatrends such as climate crisis, economic inequality and digital connectivity. It also considers how such major changes affect consumer societies, cultures and individuals, especially those from Generations Y and Z. Each chapter is built around a theme that encapsulates current theoretical and professional debates around consumption, consumers and marketing. Examples and up-to-date case studies throughout the book explore how brands are adapting to current circumstances across Generations X, Y and Z and investigate the state of marketing at a time of flux.
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Contemporary Issues in Development Finance provides a comprehensive and up to date coverage of theoretical and policy issues in development finance from both the domestic and external finance perspectives, placing emphasis on addressing the gaps in financial markets. The chapters cover topical issues including microfinance, private sector financing, aid, FDI, remittances, sovereign wealth and trade finance, as well as sectoral financing of agricultural and infrastructural projects. Readers will acquire both breadth and depth in critical and contemporary issues in development finance from a philosophical and yet pragmatic development impact approach. The text ensures this by carefully integrating the relevant theoretical underpinnings, empirical assessments and practical policy issues into its analysis. The work is designed to be fully accessible to practitioners with only a limited theoretical economic background, allowing them to deeply engage with the book as useful reference material. Readers may find more advanced information and technical details provided in clear, concise boxes throughout the text. Finally, each chapter is fully supported by a set of review questions as well as cases and examples from developing countries, particularly those in Africa.
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This work is an attempt to unify various approaches to economic and financial phenomena. The so-called (neo) classical approach lacks realism and is criticised for being too heavily focussed on the concept of equilibrium, which is, accordingly, blamed for all ills. The opportunity afforded by behavioural analysis and experimental psychology lacks in turn a unitary theory for the structures of economic behaviour and is criticised for being, only too often, a mere juxtaposition of experimental descriptions. Furthermore, the desire to eliminate any reference to the notion of substance, which governs the classical concepts of equilibrium or value, reinforces elements of irrationality or the unknown rather than diminishing them. Finally, the contributions from the hard sciences of physics, of neurology or of complex or evolutionist systems have difficulty distinguishing the irreducible peculiarity of economic and financial phenomena as social facts and as facts of perception of an economic Subject. It is a question here of preserving the concept of substance while incorporating the Subject and time within the referentials and regimes of limited rationality, where the so-called classical description becomes just one special case of a more general model, governed by the Hereditary, Relative, Subjective and of Limited Rationality hypothesis (HRSLR). The perceived world is then the background, which is always presumed by any economic and financial rationality or value. Such a conception does not destroy what is rational or what is absolute but rather seeks to bring them back down to earth. The purpose of this work is, therefore, the positive constitution of the economic Subject within a framework which is compatible with the definition of an equilibrium. This search requires Blanqué to posit the philosophical origins of a theory of the economic psyche, returning to things and experience. Blanqué shows that the structure of economic behaviour and the phenomenology of economics, i.e. of economic and financial perception, are two closely interconnected aspects of this attempt. What can be seen as an economic theory of emotions, drawing upon patrimonial and genetic components of economic action, gives access to what Blanqué calls the order of consciousness, perception and duration with the aim of restoring economics and finance within the world.
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Comment les économistes écrivent-ils l'économie ? L'économique est en effet un discours et l'économiste habite sa langue. Il n'est de faits ou de concepts dits économiques que dans et pour une structure d'énoncés qui forme un ordre du discours. Tous les concepts économiques se confondent avec la langue qui les dit et leur assigne ses limites. Ce que nous nommons questions ou problèmes économiques a toujours à voir avec les tensions, ambiguïtés ou même obscurités au sein du discours. Nous partons de ces postulats posés dans un travail antérieur (Tractatus economico-philosophicus). Nous consacrons plus particulièrement cet ouvrage aux figures du Sujet et du temps, dont l'irruption caractérise l'avènement de l'économique à l'époque moderne. Dire que "la consommation est ceci ou cela" n'est pas la même chose que dire "je consomme". Que signifie le verbe être lorsque nous disons que la consommation "est" ? Quel est le statut assigné par la langue économique au passé, au présent et au futur ? Nous proposons une lecture de trois oeuvres de Keynes, Friedman et Hayek. Marquées par des divergences apparentes, ces trois oeuvres constituent un processus d'apprentissage commun qui pose progressivement le Sujet comme structure temporelle d'action et le temps comme durée. Nous montrons que ce déploiement hésitant dans la langue donne une clé de la pensée moderne et des confusions qui la traversent. Car lieu de clarification, la langue est aussi force de résistance à ce qui doit ou peut être dit.
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Dal fordismo delle vacanze al global tourism, con la prospettiva imminente del “global tourism space 4.0”: in pochi decenni il settore turistico si è trasformato da artigianale a post-industriale, mantenendo posizioni di vertice nei ranking mondiali, ed è chiamato ora ad affrontare la complessa transizione al digital tourism. Il testo analizza l’evoluzione del settore nel contesto globale, con particolare attenzione sia alla competitività di destinazioni e imprese sia alle criticità sistemiche con l’ausilio di focus e case history mirate, utili per l’analisi delle tematiche che emergono dalle trasformazioni in atto. Con un approccio “knowledge-vision-solution” vengono fornite le metodologie e le tecniche necessarie per la formulazione delle strategie aziendali.Il lavoro è rivolto agli studenti di corsi universitari e postuniversitari, ai manager del settore e a quanti volessero approfondire la tematica del mercato turistico globale 4.0.
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Now in its fourth edition, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics, provides comprehensive and contemporary analysis of the major areas of natural resource and environmental economics. All chapters have been fully updated in light of new developments and changes in the subject, and provide a balance of theory, applications and examples to give a rigorous grounding in the economic analysis of the resource and environmental issues that are increasingly prominent policy concerns.
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An engaging and enlightening account of taxation told through lively, dramatic, and sometimes ludicrous stories drawn from around the world and across the ages. Governments have always struggled to tax in ways that are effective and tolerably fair. Sometimes they fail grotesquely, as when, in 1898, the British ignited a rebellion in Sierra Leone by imposing a tax on huts-and, in repressing it, ended up burning the very huts they intended to tax. Sometimes they succeed astonishingly, as when, in eighteenth-century Britain, a cut in the tax on tea massively increased revenue. In this entertaining book, two leading authorities on taxation, Michael Keen and Joel Slemrod, provide a fascinating and informative tour through these and many other episodes in tax history, both preposterous and dramatic-from the plundering described by Herodotus and an Incan tax payable in lice to the (misremembered) Boston Tea Party and the scandals of the Panama Papers. Along the way, readers meet a colorful cast of tax rascals, and even a few tax heroes. While it is hard to fathom the inspiration behind such taxes as one on ships that tended to make them sink, Keen and Slemrod show that yesterday's tax systems have more in common with ours than we may think. Georgian England's window tax now seems quaint, but was an ingenious way of judging wealth unobtrusively. And Tsar Peter the Great's tax on beards aimed to induce the nobility to shave, much like today's carbon taxes aim to slow global warming. Rebellion, Rascals, and Revenue is a surprising and one-of-a-kind account of how history illuminates the perennial challenges and timeless principles of taxation-and how the past holds clues to solving the tax problems of today.
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